The Clore Foundation was founded in 1964 by the late Sir Charles Clore, one of Britain's most successful post-war businessmen and one of the most generous philanthropists of his day.
Sir Charles was born in Whitechapel, the son of Jewish immigrants from Riga. In the 1950s he was the pioneer of company takeovers, becoming a household name in Britain and beyond.
After Sir Charles' death in 1979, his daughter, Vivien Duffield, assumed the Chairmanship of the Foundation and created her own Foundation in 1987 with the aim of continuing and consolidating her family's history of philanthropy. The two Foundations were merged in 2000 to become the Clore Duffield Foundation. Vivien Duffield was awarded a CBE in 1989 and a DBE in 2000.